Selenium WebDriver

Selenium WebDriver is the most important component of Selenium Tool’s Suite. Selenium WebDriver was first introduced as a part of Selenium v2.0. Selenium WebDriver was the first cross platform testing framework that could control the browser from OS level.


Selenium WebDriver provides a programming interface to create and execute test cases. Currently it is most popular with Java and C#.

WebDriver is faster because it makes direct calls to the browser. Each browser has its own driver on which the application runs.
There is a shortcoming of working with Selenium WebDriver which is Testing of Images are not possible.


The are 6 different types of WebDrivers which are commonly used:
  • Firefox Driver (Gecko Driver)
  • Chrome Driver
  • Internet Explorer Driver
  • Opera Driver
  • Safari Driver and
  • HTM Unit Driver


Programming Language supported:
JavaPythonC#PHPRubyPerl, JavaScript & .Net
Browsers supported: Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari, Android, Opera, HTMLUnit

Operating system supported: Windows, Mac, Linux, Android, iOS