Any functionality of a software application that covers end to end flow for testing is considered as a scenario. It is also considered as a high-level classification of testable requirements. Test scenarios have a detailed testing flow as it covers many test cases. The test cases are group together on the basis of the functionality of module or use cases or workflow and become test scenarios.
Purpose of Test Scenarios
The most important reasons for creating test scenarios are as follows:
- A test scenario is a comprehensive testing procedure.
- Test scenarios are quick to test procedures that help in identifying the critical areas of the software applications for testing purposes.
- The test scenarios defined by the test team are evaluated by stakeholders including developers, business analysts, and end-users.
- It helps to measure testing efforts.
- The prime objective of a test scenario is to ensure that the entire functionality is tested completely.
- It helps in defining the test cases. The test cases are further tied to a particular scenario.
How to write Test Scenario’s
Step 1: Read the Requirement Documents like BRS (Business Requirement Specification), SRS (System Requirement Specification), and FRS (Functional Requirement Specification) of the System Under Test (SUT). Refer uses cases, manuals, workflows, etc. of the application to be tested.
Step 2: Analyze all the technical aspects, user scenarios, and objectives of software under test. All the loopholes in the requirement are further corrected and revised.
Step 3: Figure out all the possible scenarios of the system including the ones which user can use in real-time. While preparing the test scenario it should be taken into consideration to verify each and every function of the software that has to be tested.
Step 4: After reading the Requirements Document and performing due Analysis make a list of all the different test scenarios that can verify every feature of the software.
Step 5: Once all possible Test Scenarios are listed, prepare an RTM(Requirement Traceability Matrix) to confirm that every requirement has a matching test scenario that should be tested.
Step 6: The last step is all about reviewing the scenarios by the supervisors. Later, they are also evaluated by other Stakeholders in the project.
Tips to Create Effective Test Scenarios
- Ensure that every requirement should be tied to a test scenario and also adhere to the specifications of the Project Methodology.
- Always remember the cost involved in designing and testing multiple scenarios, thus make a vital decision to select test scenarios that are more helpful in verifying use cases.
- Avoid creating complicated test scenarios in a view to verify multiple functional requirements at one sight.
- Ensure the test scenarios are always updated or added with the change in requirement.
Prerequisites of Writing Test Scenarios
- Testers should have the good domain knowledge to understand the business and functional requirements of the software application.
- A comprehensive and mindful assessment of the requirements should be done.
- The team should understand the workflow requirements and use cases.
- The required tools and resources for testing should be accumulated before initiating the testing process.
- The testing process should be simplified and continuously monitoring.
Benefits of creating Test Scenario’s
- It validates test coverage.
- Verify the use cases.
- It determines the testing efforts.
- It is ideal for evaluating and assessing the end-to-end functioning of the software.
- It helps to determine the real use of software applications.
- It prevents repetitive testing.
- Can be used to find any discrepancies in the software with respect to the requirement.
- It saves time, money, and efforts as it prevents repetitive testing.
- Assists the team in validating the flow of all business process of the software are working accurately.
Example of the Test scenario