Scrum methodology is the most popular agile methodology used to manage complex software and product development, using iterative and incremental practices. Scrum processes help organizations to adjust to the rapidly changing requirements and produce a product that meets evolving business goals.
Scrum is an adaptable, fast, flexible, and effective agile framework whose primary objective is to satisfy customer needs. Scrum is executed in periodic time that is short and specific, called Sprints, which usually range from 2 to 4 weeks. It is a flexible methodology that satisfies the 12 agile principles.
An agile Scrum process benefits the organization by helping it to increase the quality of the deliverables, expect the change request, provide better effort estimates, and control project schedule and state.
Scrum Methodology Best Practices
1. Requirement backlog should be up to date
2. Demo and incorporate product owner and business analyst feedback.
3. Sprint reviews with stakeholders should be on a regular basis.
4. Sprint retrospectives should be carried out after the sprint to improve the process.
5. Frequent communication among team members and Trust is a major factor.
Benefits of Scrum
- Higher productivity
- Better-quality products
- Reduced time to market
- Improved stakeholder satisfaction
- Better team dynamics
- Happier employees
- Higher return on investment (ROI)
Glossary of Scrum Terms
Here is the list of common terms used when working within a scrum environment.
Burndown Chart: It reflects the amount of effort left when compared to time.
Burnup Chart: It measures the increase in a measure against time.
Daily Scrum: Short scrum meeting on the day’s work, happens every day.
Definition of Done: When the project is completed and meets shared expectations.
Development Team: Responsible for the development of product backlog every sprint.
Standards: Shared standards for incremental development of the project.
Forecast: Items used for the implementation of the sprint.
Increment: The small steps that lead to the finished project.
Product Backlog: Set of requirements for which work to be done in a specific order.
Product Backlog Refinement: When the product owner adds or updates detail to the product backlog, also known as backlog grooming.
Product Owner: The manager responsible for the product and team.
Ready: Product owner and team shared understanding of product backlog when planning sprints.
Scrum: Framework for team collaboration on complex projects.
Scrum Board: A board that visualizes and reflects progress for the team.
Scrum Master: The scrum master role is to coach the team with their expertise.
Scrum Team: Product owner, team, and scrum master.
Self-Organization: Team autonomy within bounds of project objectives.
Sprint: Short timelines, one following immediately after the completion of another.
Sprint Backlog: Part of the product backlog needs to complete the sprint.
Sprint Goal: The purpose of the sprint.
Sprint Planning: Short plan for an upcoming sprint.
Sprint Retrospective: Short post-mortem of the sprint.
Sprint Review: Short review of the sprint to help add improvements to the next one.
Stakeholder: Non-team member like a business analyst who is usually the initiator of the project.
Velocity: The average amount of product backlog turned into an increment of the project during the sprint.